Facts To Know About Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a popular form of treatment for some ailments. The main idea behind this therapy is to increase oxygen supply in the body. From the atmosphere, a person’s lungs can only breathe 21% oxygen. However, when placed in a pressurized chamber, one can breathe over three times of oxygen the atmosphere provides. That said, here are facts that you need to know about hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Important facts about hyperbaric oxygen therapy

HBOT is administered in a pressurized chamber

One of the most important facts that you need to know is thatadscASc hyperbaric oxygen therapy is administered in a pressurized chamber. Hyperbaric Therapy by Fresh Start is administered using modern pressurized chamber to conduct the treatment. The pressure in the chamber is higher than the normal air pressure. This pressurized environment makes your lungs to breathe more air than it would in the normal atmosphere.

It increases oxygen supply in the body significantly

The main idea behind hyperbaric oxygen treatment is to increase oxygen flow in the body. Usually, the environment gives 21% of oxygen to the body. This is just enough for healthy living. However, if you have a medical condition, you will need to boost your oxygen flow in the body. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy increases oxygen flow in the body by up to 95%.

HBOT is safe

Many people worry about the safety of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. It is important to state the fact that HBOT is safe. A physician prescribes the therapy, and it is performed under strict medical supervision. Therefore, it is a safe medical procedure. The risks that might be there are just similar to the ones in other medical procedures.

Treats many ailments

aScxASxcasdcaSIt is also of great importance to note the fact that HBOT treats a number of ailments. Some of the leading diseases that most physicians recommend to be treated by HBOT include cancer, autism, stroke, burns, arthritis, anemia, and diabetic ulcers among many others. This clearly shows that hyperbaric oxygen treatment is a helpful medical procedure.

No life-threatening side effect

When performing HBOT, you should know that there is no life-threatening side effect. A majority of patients go home without experiencing any side effect. However, a few may experience minor side effects such as sinuses and barotrauma to ears. These side effects are temporary and do not last for long. To avoid these side effects, a patient should avoid taking alcohol 4 hours before the therapy to ensure a smooth procedure.

Tips for people who are planning the homesteading form of life

The homesteading way of life is being adopted in various part of the world. The city way of living can be overwhelming, and many people are now considering the option of settling in unoccupied areas. If you decide to go for a homesteading way of life, you leave the city and move to the countryside to start a new life. The great transition can be scary, but it is manageable. You just need to be prepared for the adventure and the challenges that you are likely to encounter in your new way of life.

Tips for homesteading

Learn some skills first
Before you think about homesteading, it is important to take time and learn some skills that you will need. For instance, you need to learn skills like gardening and also survival skills like making a fire. These are skills available at https://survivalenvy.com that you might need when homesteading. You need to remember that homesteading involves moving away from civilization and these are skills that will come in handy when you finally move. By learning these skills, you will evaluate if you are ready for the move.

Have a plan
It is not wise to pack your bags and move without a plan. Moving is a big step, and you need to have a plan on how to go about it. For instance, since homesteading requires that you grow your food, then it means that you should have some food in stock before your crop finally grows. These are the small things that will make sure that you are ready for the move.

Be open minded
You will have expectations how life will be when you finally decide to adopt a homesteading way of life. It is fine to have some, but unfortunately, these expectations are sometimes not realistic. You should remain open-minded because things are bound to change on the way. By remaining open-minded, it will be easy for you to handle any challenge that comes on the way during your process of settling.

Seek help
Homesteading means doing everything on your own, but it doesn’t mean literary. Once in a while, you need to seek help from veterans and people who have been doing it for long. A little help will go a long way and especially at that time when you will be trying to settle down. You need to make the journey of homesteading fun and enjoyable and each step.

Benefits of Booking Train Tickets Online

Traveling by train is the most suitable means of transportation in most of the countries of the world. In today’s scenario where everything happens at a rapid pace. Everybody wants things quickly. A famous slogan ‘slow and steady wins the race’ not up to the mark these days instead it should be like ‘fast and steady wins the race.’

Online bookingsadadsadadas

Those days are no more where you can only walk to the local ticket counter for train ticket reservation. With the invention of Internet and advent of technology, it is possible to buy tickets online. There is no doubt that train booking is the way towards future. So if we see about booking tickets online time saving is the biggest advantage if we book train tickets online.

Deals and Cancellation

There are few other key benefits like if you purchased a ticket online few days back and if you wants to cancel it you can do that immediately, that will save your money and time. There is no need to go to the ticket counter and cancel your ticket; you can do it at your convenience. Another thing is you can get the deals offered by the different travel agencies like discounts, services, lucky schemes and a whole lot of other benefits. For book trains tickets online you only need a credit card, debit card or e-wallet to book or cancel your ticket, there is no need of cash and queue.

Buy tickets online

  • It’s hassle free, stress-free
  • Save money and time
  • No need to go to a travel agency or ticket counter you can do it at your convenience in your home and office.
  • There areewqeqweqweqe many offers, deals for buying a ticket online.
  • You can compare train fares, route, timing, schedule, etc.
  • Online ticket booking is ‘on’ twenty-four hours you can book tickets anytime you want.
  • In case the train is canceled, or your birth is not confirmed at the time of chart preparation with Online or e-ticket your ticket can automatically be canceled and money will be refunded fully.
  • With online booking, you can have the luxury of seat preference. You have freedom of choosing your seat especially when you are traveling in long route.
  • You can avoid the rush for getting a ticket in a long queue.
  • Think and plan your and your loved one’s journey anytime, anywhere.

How To Choose A Good SEO Company

A great SEO Company is hard to find, but finding the right one can seriously improve your online business. If you have been thinking of hiring a search engine optimization (SEO) Company to provide various online marketing services to your company, then you are on the right track. In this article, we will help you to learn how to choose
a good SEO company.

Ways on how to choose a good SEO company

Have an idea of what you need

Many SEO firms offer different services. Do you need an SEO firm for services such as link removal, a one-time SEO audit, reputation management, content marketing, re-targeting, link building or an ongoing SEO firm? If you have not made a decision yet, you should start knowing what you need fast.

Search and get multiple consultationshjhgfdxghjhgf

Once you have an idea of what kind of services you will require from the SEO Leicester firm, search for the firms available and request for a consult. Sit down with the firm in person which is better as you get to ask them as many questions as you want. Most SEO firm will in most cases offer a free consultation so as to win you over With the sit down you will get to meet the people you will be working with and know if you like the firm.

Know their track records

Get to know how many business or clients the firm has been successful representing. If the SEO firm’s track record is not reassuring, do not risk your business. Ensure that the firm can get your job done for you like the other clients before you

Their prices

The SEO firm should offer a reasonable price for their services. The price should not be far from the value of service they will be offering. It should also not be very cheap from others in the market as it will raise suspicion and not too expensive than others as you might opt to choose other firms. They should be standard and realistic in their pricing to enable you not to spend excessively.

Gives you regular update

xhjdjhd874The firm should be able to provide regular updates to you and show you your website’s performance. This will enable you to know that the firm is working on what they promised. They should on the other hand consult you before making any changes in their work and offer advice to you where necessary.

Choosing the right SEO Company is important as the success of your business relies on them. If you are having a hard time deciding how to go about it, the above guidelines will put you on the right track in making your business a success.

Easy ways to stop blushing easily

Blushing can be a disturbing occurrence, trust me, I struggled with it before I finally got it in control. There are so many factors that can cause blushing, some that are very desirable and reasonable, while others are not so desirable. The thing about blushing is that in some cases, it can interfere with a person productivity. Many people find themselves blushing a lot, and it doesn’t feel right for them. This makes them struggle to find ways to stop it to no avail.

What most people don’t understand is that so many aspects can cause bashing that we are not aware of. In this article, I will discuss some of the common remedies, and hopefully show you how I stopped blushing so easily.

How to stop blushing easily

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Yes, embarrassment is the number one culprit when it comes to blushing. In some cases, this is not a bad thing as it only takes a few seconds at most. But a better way to deal with this is to find a better way to deal with embarrassment. Simply smiling, or even being morally correct and apologizing for embarrassing situations can be very beneficial to helping one control their lashing.

Anxiety

Anxiety is also a normal human emotion, but can also get out of hand and develop into an atrocious disorder. When people with anxiety come into contact with weird encounters, they resort to blushing as a means of comforting themselves. Visiting a counselor can help with anxiety and in return reduce the chances of blushing occurring.

Get enough sleep

People tend to become anxious when they don’t get enough sleep. As mentioned in the above paragraph, it is important to keep anxiety in check. Therefore, enough sleep equals to better stress management and less blushing, and that’s what I call a great equation.

Socialize more

Just like children, we lekadvnkankndksvkskdvnnsdvsdvsdvsdvsdvarn and become mature based on the experiences we have had in life. The fact that blushing is the way of the body masking vulnerabilities, it is better to prevent it if you can handle more social encounters well. By knowing how to keep calm and speak well with peers or even any other person in general, it becomes easier to express one’s real opinions and not hide them behind a blush. If for instance a person who likes you confess their feelings and they are mutual, just give a smile and let them know your stand, rather that blushing and embarrassing yourself even more.

The Roles Of A Commercial Litigation Attorney

A commercial litigation attorney helps you resolve any commercial disagreement. You, therefore, need one if you are a business person. The roles of a commercial litigation attorney are many as discussed below:

Business Litigation

Being a business owner comes with responsibilities and sometimes legal issues may arise. A commercial litigation lawyer helps with any judicial contest against your business. The lawyers have the experience and skills in dealing with business or commercial lawsuit demands. The lawyer helps the business to enjoy litigation benefits such as monetary awards or injunctive relief.

If you are in need of a reliable attorney particularly one who specializes in the corporate litigation law, go online and check the credentials of the different lawyers.

Breach of Contract

Sometimes there are unpredictable circumstances which can see a business fail to fulfill a deal signed in the form of a legal agreement document. If this happens, a breach of contract lawsuit may be inevitable. A commercial litigation lawyer helps to defend your business from such a lawsuit.

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Bad faith claims and Insurance Disputes

Insurance companies ought to follow rules of their specific state. In some cases, a company may engage in activities that go against the stated law. When a business or a company violates insurance agreements, a legal issue considered as bad faith may occur. A commercial litigation attorney will help your business get your insurance claim without any delays.

Fraud

In some cases, your business may be faced with fraud cases. Such a lawsuit requires the expertise of a litigation attorney to avoid losses in the form of hefty fines among other costs associated with court cases.

Stock market loss problems

You need a lawyer to argue your case in case your company is dealing with stock market loss issues. Most attorneys have the experience needed in dealing such cases. However, it is important to check and ensure that your preferred professional has successfully dealt with stock market losses lawsuits before.

Taxation

Many commercial establishments enjoy benefits associated with incorporation. One of these benefits is tax breaks. However, in order to successfully implement the procedures, businesses need to hire a commercial litigation attorney.

Real Estate Matters

jdd874A commercial litigation attorney helps in dealing with land acquisition and company mergers. This means if you seek the professional services of an experienced lawyer, your real estate matters would be resolved faster and with much ease.

A commercial litigation lawyer is highly skilled and has good experience in dealing with the above-mentioned issues for the smooth running of business. Other roles that the professionals play include representing their clients in unfair compensation, trade interference, employment disputes, product liability, construction dispute, class action lawsuit and other general civil litigation cases.

Various Services Offered By Credit Repair Companies

Most people are striving to have good credit scores that can guarantee them loans and other financial aids when a need arises. However, many forces occur in life that ensure that your credit worthiness comes down. So, in this case, what happens? One of the best options is to engage a reliable credit repair company to put things in order. Visit, review of creditrepair.com on their webpage to see reasons you need to consider them. These companies will ensure your credit score is back and working through a provision of the following services.

Services offered by credit repair companies

Plans your debt repayment

Debt repayment is one of the biggest loopholes where people lose their score. Most people fail default midway due to various reasons like lack losing a job or business going wrong. The credit repair companies come in and plan the client’s money well so that they can fulfill their agreement with the financing institution. They also keep check to ensure constant reminders of repayment.

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Education on finance management

Bad credit score is all as a result of poor financial management. Mismanagement can come either immediately after taking a loan or somewhere along the way. The credit repair companies can have financial management seminars for their clients to cover such topics which will help clients to plan and use money well. Besides, they also offer a one on one education to clients with unique needs. Most clients find such education very useful in making their credit score go up.

Negotiate your credit score

These companies work hand in hand with both creditors and credit bureaus to ensure all their clients have the best credit score possible. One of their main functions is to negotiate your creditworthiness to have your name removed from the blacklisting. They site facts that may have contributed to such and also assure these bodies the solution henceforth. A low credit score can have a negative effect on someone for a long time and that why it must be taken back to safe grounds.

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Pull and analyze your credit report

It may seem like an obvious function, but it is a crucial one. For anyone to get their credit report, they may need to go through some procedure to the credit bureau. However, once you enroll with the credit repair company, the first step they take is to pull your credit report from the credit bureau and help you to analyze it. Without this report, it may be hard to realize where the problem is.

Qualities Of The Best Walkie Talkie

Even with the most sophisticated smartphones and other smart communication ways, the concept of a walkie talkie remains valid. It is still used in security details by most of the countries. Walkie talkies can also be used in big factories by workers or even in a big store to ease communication and coordinate movements. Before we discuss the qualities of a walkie talkie you should own, I need mention that you can visit www.walkietalkiecentral.com for more details on the best walkie talkies to buy.

Qualities of the best walkie talkie

Chanel list

fhghfhfghfghThe number of channels depends highly on the use. Simple communication in a factory where all people need to hear instructions will only need one channel. However, this does not need to a walkie talkie with one channel. More are better so that all people can change the channels occasionally for privacy and security. Some walkie talkies like the ones used by traffic police will have as many as 250 channels so that different units and levels can use different channels. All channels need to have a clear frequency reception.

Material

Most walkie talkies are made of very durable materials. They can survive a fall from the attachment belt when it happens accidentally. Others are waterproof to endure the harsh condition since most are used outdoor like during hiking or hunting. Some are handled with dirty hands by contractors, and cement must not penetrate inside to spoil the inner parts.

Long life battery

A walkie talkie is mostly for quick communication concerning work. Therefore long life batteries to last the whole working shift are very important. It is of no use if the battery dies after one hour. Either the owner will waste time charging it or will miss important information. Either way, the work loses. However, most come with rechargeable batteries which can easily be replaced when dead.

Small is better

dfdfdfsdfdsfsdfJust as the first computer was big yet today we have a small compact and more powerful computers, so are the walkie talkies. The manufacturers are very innovative to make small but more detailed pieces. However, the important features like the push to talk buttons, simple channel change knobs and speakers are never compromised. In any case, the speaker has even been made better for people to hear audibly even in noisy factories.

Conclusion

Buying the best walkie talkie can make communication easier in a common area with many people as a workplace. Today, even hotels and lodges have embraced this communication mode which is very crucial. Consider to buy one today from a reliable seller.

Beginner’s Guide To Rat And Mice Traps

Got a rodent infestation problem? Rat traps are an inexpensive and effective way to deal with the rodents. There are several types of rat traps available. In this beginner’s guide to rat traps, I will help you decide which is the best rat trap to use. When choosing a trap, it is important to keep in mind that the trap should not accidentally affect any dogs or children that you may have. I advise you to use highest rated rat traps so that one rat may be caught quicker, or many rats can be dealt with simultaneously.

A guide to rat traps

Snap Trap

sfsfsfsdfsfsdfSnap traps are spring-loaded traps, made of wood and metal that we see in cartoons programs very often. They are quick and efficient. A rat’s neck is snapped by a metal wire when it tries to grab the bait. As they are available in a range of different sizes, it is important to choose one that’s the size of the rat that you’re trying to kill. The trap may not kill the rat if it’s too small. It’ll only maim it, or cause its death from strangulation after a long time.

Some advantages of a snap trap are that they are reusable and effective for as long the spring is sprung. These traps can be set in places for extended durations with no detriment to effectiveness. Be careful as these can hurt you when the trap is sprung accidentally.

Glue Trap

Glue traps are large pads coated in strong adhesive with space in the middle for placing bait. It works by luring the rat into the trap through the bait. Once the legs of a rat are caught, in its struggle to free itself, the rat’s mouth gets stuck to the glue pad, and it suffocates to death. This type of trap is very effective in dealing with smaller mice, but as rats are larger and stronger, this type of trap won’t kill them, even if it’s rat-sized. These traps are cheap and disposable. Another benefit is that they can catch bugs, spiders, and other unwanted small creatures too.

Poison Trap

xgfdgdfgfdgdfgPoison is the easiest to use. Just place it where there’s a strong chance for a rat come across it, and the rat will die after wandering away. This means you won’t have to dispose of a dead yourself. This trap isn’t as effective as the other options, though. A rat will only die if it eats the correct dosage. Even then, it can take a lot of time for it to die finally. Also, poison is the very dangerous to children or pets. You should use it responsibly, ensuring that it isn’t eaten by and people or pets.

Live Trap

These traps only trap a rat and don’t kill it. A live trap is a cage with a trap door which activates when a rat enters inside it, in search of the bait. The cage should be of the right size because smaller rats can easily escape through the spaces between the bars of a larger cage. Rats caught can be released into the wild later, making this the most humane option.

Four Reasons For Floor Marking Training

Floor marking is an essential component of optimizing workflow. Every member of an organization should be trained in recognizing and understanding what each floor marking means. When a new employee enters the workplace, the floor marking should assist them in discovering the exact workflow within 60 seconds. The following four reasons go into more detail about the reasons behind the importance of training employees in floor marking.

Reasons for floor marking training

Safety and Security

This is the most important reason for floor marking education and research. Hazardous materials, dangerous machines, and other safety problems are dramatically reduced by using floor marking. Safety training is essential to maintaining optimal productivity and a secure environment for all employees. Floor marking delineates different spaces within the business and prevents unwanted job-related accidents. Emergency procedures are also enhanced by using floor markings in conjunction with access to the equipment.

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Clear Communication

The visual impact of floor marking is immediate and easily recognizable. Floor tape, plastic markers, paint, floor words, and shapes convey information clearly and directly. In spaces where lighting is poor or dim, use glow in the dark or reflective tape. Visibility is enhanced, and safety problem areas are reduced. Materials and equipment are returned to their location promptly after use. All employees should be trained on the business’s particular color coding standard.

Mistake Prevention

Training all employees on floor marking helps prevent errors in the workplace. From visiting the wrong area to disrupting normal foot traffic to the general confusion, it’s imperative that the employee follows floor marking rules. With the proper knowledge about floor marking, employees help reduce workplace errors and continually improve their individual productivity. This maximizes overall business performance and reduces costs in the long term as well.

Keep High 5S Standards

The 5 Steps are Sort, Straighten, Shine, Standardize, and Sustain. These five steps ensure that high standards of discipline are being met within the organization’s management structure. Employees also benefit from adhering to the 5S methodology, through two key factors. They become more involved in daily workplace activities, and they more fully understand their personal role within the larger organization. Together with proper floor marking, 5S training ultimately increases profitability in the company.

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Conclusion

From these four reasons for floor marking training, it’s clear that this is an essential component to establishing optimum workplace performance. No matter what the business, floor marking training is beneficial for a safe, clearly communicated, error free, and organized environment.

How to effectively get rid of termites

Termites can be a real nuisance. Apart from being an unwanted guest in your home, they can ruin your house’s foundation without any warning.You shouldn’t have to tear you house down just because of mere pests.

Eliminate termites from your home or to build

GET A PROFESSIONAL’S HELP

You should call a professional to help you get rid of the termites if the infestsadsadsadsaation is just too big. Go to  https://mytermitetreatmentcosts.com for professional help. Also, you might decide that your house is too valuable and so you want to make sure that you get it right the first time. Consider checking out the service record of the firm online or from credible sources before you employ them.

USE A CARDBOARD STRIP

This a natural and non-toxic way of getting rid of termites. It involves the use of a compound called cellulose which attracts termites. The cellulose makes the cardboard produce a woody smell which tricks the termites into thinking that it is wood.

Dampening the cardboard makes the smell of the cardboard even more irresistible to them. You should place these cardboard traps at strategic areas where you think the termites are. After some time, the termites will have grouped on top of it, and all you’ll need to do is collect the cardboard trap and burn it.

EXPOSE THE INFESTED ITEMS TO SUNLIGHT

You can expose the termite infested items to direct sunlight. Termites do well in dark areas, so exposure to light and heat from the sun will kill them. Place the termite-infested item outside for about 2-3 days.

FREEZE THE TERMITESdsadsadsad

If you live in a rainy area, then this means that you can’t expose the termite-ridden items to sunlight. If that’s the case, then freezing the items is a great alternative. You could place the items into the freezer for about 2 to 3 days, and all the termites present will be completely eliminated. If some of the infested furniture or items are to large to fit in the freezer, then you’ll have to look for another solution.

CONSIDER PURCHASING SOME PARASITIC NEMATODES

These are worms that are readily available at many local stores and also online stores. All you’ll have to do is place them in the target areas, and they eliminate termites by feasting on them.

Drum Lesson Tips.

Being a drummer is more than just a hobby before you start attending drum lessons please be familiar with the tips below for your success and nourish. There is a very big difference between a drummer who does is as a hobby and those who do it as a lifestyle. The difference comes in practice and practice habits. A lot of commitment and practice is needed for one to start drumming and fly all the way to a star drummer. The tips below will help you increase your learning speed and enjoy practicing other than seeing it as a chore.

Tips

Create time to practice and time to play

There is a very big difference practice and jam. During practice one learns skills on speed, stick control, new skills and many more techniques required. Playing time is when now you apply the learned skills in real applications. Do not always play your favorite jams, practice and practice on new tunes for your growth.

Set goals for each practice lessons

aszdfdOne of the biggest mistakes drummers either beginners or those who have been in the field for long for long do, is not setting goals for their practice lessons. Do not just walk in a practice room without knowing what you want to achieve for the day. You can even make a timetable indicating what to learn when.

Surround yourself with challenging music

Do not just play the simple music or drumming techniques. Grow from simple techniques to much more challenging skills. For instance if you want learn on playing double bass drums, then choose music that incorporates the same. You see, when you are listening to advanced beats, you are gradually incorporating then in your brain. This gives you much more challenge and makes you want to play the challenging bit you heard. This definitely means skill and creativity growth.

Have fun all through

Always enjoy when on the drums. This is to mean that even if you are playing boring or rudiments, you do not like, try and make them fun and enjoyable. If you are not having fun during practice lessons then believe you me, you will not learn as much. You can even communicate with your trainer if you have one to postpone a rudiment you are not enjoying to a future date, or if you are having online lessons, then play what you want when you want.

Practice with a metronome

qdfsxdThe duty of a drummer is to keep the band on time, so if you practice without a metronome, you can never lead a band. To lead a band as a drummer, you need to play a solid drum beat and roll on. Ways to add technique to this tip is by playing your favorite tunes. Also get professionally recorded tunes and play along with them. This way practice will not be boring because you are playing on your favorite tunes, but be very careful not to always play that one tune all through because it will hinder your growth.

Tree Trimming Tips And Techniques.

Overgrown trees in your compound make it look dirty, can be a hiding place for pest which spread diseases to your family and also in the case of fire, it will spread very fast. It is therefore very important to keep your trees, shrubs, and fence trimmed to the right heights.

Importance of tree trimming

Aesthetics

ertrghtjsdProper trimming helps give a tree a good shape and appearance. It is, however, important to avoid forcing a certain shape on a tree. Follow the original natural shape of the tree during trimming for the best results, and required beauty.

Safety

Old trees might have dead and broken branches which can fall anytime, hurting people or even animals. Some trees grow very many branches to a point obstructing one when driving. It is at this point when trees impose danger to human life that they should be trimmed to ensure that no one gets hurt.

Health

Sometimes dangerous insects and parasites hide in tree branches. Trimming down the branches improves air flow and destroys the habitat hence eliminating the disease spreading insects. This helps keep people staying near the trees healthy and free from diseases.

Tree trimming tips

Be careful on the size of branches you want to remove. If its diameter is less than five centimeters, then you can go ahead and remove it. If the diameter is between five and ten centimeters, then it is not a good idea. For diameters more than ten centimeters, trim with very god reasons.

Trim only weak, narrow, V- shaped branches; these are because such branches give the tree a bad shape and even pause dangers to people. Do not cut strong and U- shaped branches.
Avoid trimming branches very close or way too long, do not leave stubs or completely remove the branch collars. The long stubs might knock and hurt somebody.

Pruning techniques

sxdxcIdentify the branch collar before making any cut; this part grows from the bottom part of the stem. Identify the branch ridge, which is on the upper part and parallel to branch angle.Make your cuts on the outside part of bark ridge and away from the stem. Be keen not to hurt branch collars.

If the stem is very long, use three cutting technique. The first step is to make a notch on the part of the stem facing away from the stem, make these second cut inside the crotch above the ridge of the stem and lastly remove the stub by cutting through the stem parallel branch bark.